Attempted murder as per California Penal Code 664/187(a) is defined as the intention to kill another and to take concrete steps towards that intent. However, the intended victim manages to keep alive.
Attempted murder, like murder (Penal Code 187 PC) has two degrees – first and second. First degree is when the attempted murder is willful and premeditated. Second degree encompasses all other types of attempted murders.
Punishment for attempted first degree murder is life in state prison. Punishment for attempted second degree murder is 5, 7, or 9 years in state prison.
Examples of Second Degree Attempted Murder
· Attempt to poison someone fatally, but the victim doesn't die
· Victim survives after an attempt is made to stab them in the chest with the intention to kill
· Victim survives after the perpetrator tries to strangle them
Defense for Attempted Murder
There are four common defense strategies for fighting PC 664/187(a) charges:
· There was no intent to kill
· No direct step was taken by the defendant to kill
· Misidentification of the defendant
· The act was carried out by the defendant in self-defense
Definition of Attempted Murder
Attempt to murder refers to an event where the perpetrator tries and fails at killing another human being. There are two elements to this crime:
· The defendant should take a direct (but ineffective) step
· The defendant should intend to kill the other person
It is important to understand that a fetus for the purposes of this law is considered a person.
Proving Intent in Attempted Murder
It is up to the prosecutor to prove that the defendant had an intent to kill and not to injure. Location of injuries is important in proving this. Most upper body injuries are a sign of premeditated murder intent because of the presence of vital organs.
Lower body injuries are indicative of an intent to injure. Prosecutors may try proving intent to kill even if the defendant had no intention of fatally wounding the other person.
California Sentencing for Attempted Murder
California law treats attempted murder as a felony crime. First degree attempted murder refers to a situation where the defendant acted deliberately, willfully, and with premeditation. This carries a sentence of life imprisonment in state prison. At least 15 years have to be served before parole if the victim was a firefighter, peace officer or some other protected person.
Second degree attempted murder involves all those crimes that are not part of the first degree attempted murder. Sentence for a murder conviction is 5, 7, or 9 years in prison.
Additional penalties may be levied as the court deems fit. This can be in both first and second degree attempted murder convictions. Additional penalties can be in the form of victim restitution, loss of gun rights, and a maximum fine of $10,000.
Retain an Experienced Attempted Murder Defense Team
Attempted murder is considered a violent felony under the three-strikes law of California. Conviction counts as a major strike on the criminal record of a defendant. Second strike comes with a double sentence and a third strike carries a minimum of 25 years to life sentence. This makes it important to hire experienced counsel. The team at Kann California Law Group are here to help you. Give us a call at (888) 744-7730 or use our online contact form.